American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics

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Analysis of Small Scale Irrigation Users’ Household on Farm Production Efficiency Among Smallholder Farmers: the Case of Horo District, Ethiopia

Received: 3 November 2023    Accepted: 23 November 2023    Published: 6 December 2023
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Abstract

Agriculture is the mainstay of the country's economy and the major source of foreign exchange earnings and domestic consumption. To improve the prevailing low level of production and productivity the use of yield improving inputs is of paramount important. As the potential to increase production by bringing more resources into use became more and more limited, the efficiency with which the farmers use available resources has received the utmost attention. This being the case, in this study, an attempt was made to examine comparative analysis of small scale irrigation users household on farm production efficiency among smallholder farmers. Both the descriptive and econometric model analysis were used. The survey data collected considered two groups of farm households, irrigation users and irrigation non-users households. Stochastic frontier production function with farm specific technical inefficiency variables was used to estimate technical efficiency. Among the input variables, farm size and capital were found to significantly influence agricultural output. Access to irrigation was found to significantly improve the technical efficiency of household. The whole sample mean technical efficiency of irrigation user and irrigation non-user households was 79.5%. This implies that agricultural output can be increased on the average by 20.5 percent if technical efficiency of farming households improved to obtain the maximum attainable level of output.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajere.20230804.13
Published in American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics (Volume 8, Issue 4, December 2023)
Page(s) 76-85
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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Stochastic Frontier Analysis, Small Scale Irrigation, Technical Efficiency

References
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  • APA Style

    Fekadu Tolesa, S. (2023). Analysis of Small Scale Irrigation Users’ Household on Farm Production Efficiency Among Smallholder Farmers: the Case of Horo District, Ethiopia. American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics, 8(4), 76-85. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajere.20230804.13

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    ACS Style

    Fekadu Tolesa, S. Analysis of Small Scale Irrigation Users’ Household on Farm Production Efficiency Among Smallholder Farmers: the Case of Horo District, Ethiopia. Am. J. Environ. Resour. Econ. 2023, 8(4), 76-85. doi: 10.11648/j.ajere.20230804.13

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    AMA Style

    Fekadu Tolesa S. Analysis of Small Scale Irrigation Users’ Household on Farm Production Efficiency Among Smallholder Farmers: the Case of Horo District, Ethiopia. Am J Environ Resour Econ. 2023;8(4):76-85. doi: 10.11648/j.ajere.20230804.13

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajere.20230804.13,
      author = {Shibeshi Fekadu Tolesa},
      title = {Analysis of Small Scale Irrigation Users’ Household on Farm Production Efficiency Among Smallholder Farmers: the Case of Horo District, Ethiopia},
      journal = {American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics},
      volume = {8},
      number = {4},
      pages = {76-85},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajere.20230804.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajere.20230804.13},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajere.20230804.13},
      abstract = {Agriculture is the mainstay of the country's economy and the major source of foreign exchange earnings and domestic consumption. To improve the prevailing low level of production and productivity the use of yield improving inputs is of paramount important. As the potential to increase production by bringing more resources into use became more and more limited, the efficiency with which the farmers use available resources has received the utmost attention. This being the case, in this study, an attempt was made to examine comparative analysis of small scale irrigation users household on farm production efficiency among smallholder farmers. Both the descriptive and econometric model analysis were used. The survey data collected considered two groups of farm households, irrigation users and irrigation non-users households. Stochastic frontier production function with farm specific technical inefficiency variables was used to estimate technical efficiency. Among the input variables, farm size and capital were found to significantly influence agricultural output. Access to irrigation was found to significantly improve the technical efficiency of household. The whole sample mean technical efficiency of irrigation user and irrigation non-user households was 79.5%. This implies that agricultural output can be increased on the average by 20.5 percent if technical efficiency of farming households improved to obtain the maximum attainable level of output.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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    AU  - Shibeshi Fekadu Tolesa
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    T2  - American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics
    JF  - American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics
    JO  - American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics
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    AB  - Agriculture is the mainstay of the country's economy and the major source of foreign exchange earnings and domestic consumption. To improve the prevailing low level of production and productivity the use of yield improving inputs is of paramount important. As the potential to increase production by bringing more resources into use became more and more limited, the efficiency with which the farmers use available resources has received the utmost attention. This being the case, in this study, an attempt was made to examine comparative analysis of small scale irrigation users household on farm production efficiency among smallholder farmers. Both the descriptive and econometric model analysis were used. The survey data collected considered two groups of farm households, irrigation users and irrigation non-users households. Stochastic frontier production function with farm specific technical inefficiency variables was used to estimate technical efficiency. Among the input variables, farm size and capital were found to significantly influence agricultural output. Access to irrigation was found to significantly improve the technical efficiency of household. The whole sample mean technical efficiency of irrigation user and irrigation non-user households was 79.5%. This implies that agricultural output can be increased on the average by 20.5 percent if technical efficiency of farming households improved to obtain the maximum attainable level of output.
    
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Author Information
  • Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Natural Resource Management and Agricultural Economics, Mattu University, Bedele Campus, Bedele, Ethiopia

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